High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a condition in which blood pushes against the artery walls with the pumping of blood by the heart. If this condition persists for a long time, it can be quite damaging to the body, causing heart disease. In simple terms, the condition in which normal blood pressure, which is 120/80, rises is known as high blood pressure. According to the NHS, about 30% of the population in the UK is suffering from high blood pressure symptoms.
Symptoms and Causes
Uncontrolled blood pressure is a risk factor for thickened arteries, which can be quite damaging and may even lead to strokes and heart attacks. Most people suffering from high blood pressure do not show any symptoms. Although a few others may experience
- Dull headaches
- More nosebleeds than normal
Different conditions and medications can cause secondary hypertension:
- Adrenal gland tumors
- Kidney problems
- Congenital defects in blood vessels
- Certain medications, like decongestants, cold remedies, birth control pills
- Illegal drugs, like cocaine
Eating healthy, staying fit, reducing excess weight, reducing intake of sodium in diet can help bring your blood pressure to normal levels. Several studies hint at the efficacy of vitamin D in curbing high blood pressure.